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真假美猴王



The Imposter Monkey King

            One day, Tangseng and his disciples were on their way west, they were met by a group of bandits. When battling with them, Wukong accidentally killed two bandits. Tanseng saw that Wukong killed people, so he recited the Tighten Hoop Incantation to chase Wukong away.

            Wukong thought that this time if he went back to Flower-Fruit Mountain, he would be ridiculed by his children. He sought to go to Guanyin instead. Therefore on a cloud he went to the South Sea. Guanyin looked down and said: “Wukong, your master has danger near, and soon he will search for you. Just stay here for a while, and I will talk Tangseng into accepting you again.” Wukong heeded Guanyin’s advice, and stayed at the South Sea.

            After Tangseng rejected Wukong, the three walked west for some time. Tangseng was hungry and thirsty, so he told Bajie to go get some food. Bajie jumped on a cloud into the sky. He looked around him multiple times, but there was only mountains and not a single house. The fool could only come down and say to Tangseng: “Master, we will have to go hungry because there aren’t any families nearby.” Tangseng said: “Without food, at least a little water would help.” Bajie said: “Then I’ll go to the creek on the south side of the mountain to get some water.” Then, he took the bowl and went on a cloud towards the south mountain.

            Tangseng sat by the road and waited for a long time without seeing Bajie come back. Shaseng said: “Master, first wait here. I will go hurry Bajie.” Tangseng nodded. Shaseng went in the mist and fog to the south mountain too.

            Tangseng was sitting there feeling sorry for himself when he heard someone call out “Master!” He looked up and saw Wukong kneeling by the road, with a cup of water in his hands as he said: “Master, without me, you couldn’t even get water. Drink this cup of fresh cold water to relieve your thirst, and wait for me to get food.” Tangseng retorted: “Even if I die of dehydration, I won’t drink your water! I don’t want you; quickly shoo!” Wukong said: “Without me, you couldn’t get to the scriptures in the west.” Tangseng said: “Whether I get there or not is none of your business. Quickly go away. Or else I will recite the Tighten Hoop Incantation.”

            Wukong suddenly changed his expression and scolded: “You heartless monk!” After he finished, he raised his staff and hit Tangseng once on the back. Tangseng immediately fainted. Wukong took Tangseng’s luggage and on a cloud, flew off.

            Not long later, Bajie and Shaseng came back happily with water. The two saw Tangseng on the ground without their luggage. They frantically sat their master upright and called: “Master! Wake up!” Tangseng woke up, drank some water, and said: “Disciples, just after you left, that Wukong Sun came back, wanting me to accept him. I didn’t agree to him, so he hit me with his staff and took our luggage.”

            Bajie became angry after he heard this, saying: “Huh! I will go to Flower-Fruit Mountain to make him pay for this!” Tangseng said: “It is better for Shaseng to go. We only need our things back.”

            Shaseng flew to Flower-Fruit Mountain on a cloud. He jumped down and found the entrance to the Curtain of Water Cavern. When he went inside, he saw Wukong Sun sitting on a high tower. Shaseng went up and saluted, saying: “Brother, please go back to go to protect master to the west with me. If you don’t want to go seek the scriptures in the west, then please give back our luggage so that I could bring it back.”

            When the Wukong heard, he coldly laughed and said: “Who said I don’t want to seek the scriptures in the west? Taking master’s luggage was for me to go to the west myself!” Shaseng said: “Brother, you are wrong. The real scriptures aren’t something that anyone could take. Master was told to go by Guanyin himself. If there isn’t master, Rulai wouldn’t give you the scriptures.” Wukong heard and said: “Who said I don’t have a master? Children, quickly invite Tangseng to come out!”

            Not long after, a group of little monkeys led a white horse with Tangseng out. Behind them were a Bajie with luggage and a Shaseng with a cane.

            Shaseng’s anger grew at seeing this: “Where is it that there is another Shaheshang? Don’t go; take a cane first!” Shaseng raised his cane and with a hit, killed the fake Shaseng, who was actually a transformed monkey demon. When the Wukong saw that Shaseng killed the monkey demon, he raised his staff and with the little monkeys, surrounded Shaseng. Shaseng saw that it was getting bad for him, so he burst out on a cloud, charged out of the Curtain of Water Cavern. Shaseng thought in midair: “I will go get Guanyin’s help to get our luggage back.” Therefore, he went on a cloud to the South Sea.

            Shaseng saw Guanyin and kneeled down in respect. Then when he lifted his head to tell Guanyin of his happenings, he saw Wukong standing by Guanyin. Shaseng didn’t talk any more, but he jumped up and smashed his cane toward Wukong. Wukong didn’t return the attack, but instead turned around to avoid it. As Shaseng attacked he scolded: “You monkey head, coming here to trick Guanyin!” Guanyin shouted: “Wujing, stop! If there is a problem, tell me.”

            Shaseng took back his cane, and with an angry expression told about Wukong hitting master, taking their luggage, and all the happening at Flower-Fruit Mountain. Then, pointing at Wukong, he said: “This monkey can flip clouds, so he is faster than me. He got here first, so we don’t know what he said to trick you.”

            Guanyin said: “Wujing, you couldn’t wrongly blame Wukong. He was here for four days already, so how could he hit master and plan to go to the west himself?” Shaseng said: “But clearly I saw a Wukong in the Curtain of Water Cavern. How would I trick you?” Guanyin said: “This matter is easy to solve. Just go to the cavern together to find the reality.” After hearing this, Wukong and Shaseng left Guanyin and the South Sea on clouds.

            Not long after, they arrived at Flower-Fruit Mountain. Wukong and Shaseng jumped down, and as expected saw a Wukong Sun sitting on a stone tower with a Golden Hoop Staff in hand.

            Wukong got angry at seeing this, took out his staff and said: “Where did you devil come from, changing into my form and taking my mountain!” The Wukong didn’t answer, but jumped down with his staff in return. The two Wukongs started fighting on golden clouds in midair. Shaseng, standing at the side, couldn’t tell which one was imposter, so even though he wanted to help, he was afraid to harm the real one. The two Wukongs fought for more than an hour without a sign of victory or defeat. One Wukong said to Shaseng: “Shaseng, if you aren’t going to help, go back to master. Wait until the monster and I go to the South Sea to have Guanyin see who is imposter." After he finished, the other said the exact same. Shaseng, seeing that the looks and voices were the exact same, heeded their advice and went back to Tangseng.

The two Wukongs fought as they went, straight to the South Sea. Their cries startled Guanyin. Guanyin came out and yelled: “Stop! Be respectful!” The two Wukongs only stopped at this. One Wukong said: "Guanyin, this devil turned into my form, and Shaseng couldn't recognize it. Therefore, we fought to here so you could tell us who is imposter." As soon as he finished, the other Wukong said the exact same.

Guanyin looked for a long time, and still couldn't tell who was real and who was fake. One said: "I am the real one." The other one said: "He is the fake." Guanyin called two disciples to his front and secretly said: "You two each get close to one. When I recite the Tighten Hoop Incantation, the one in pain is real, and the other one is fake."

Guanyin secretly recited the incantation. But unexpectedly both Wukongs yelled in pain together: “Stop! Don’t recite it anymore!” Guanyin stopped, and both Wukongs started fighting again.

There was nothing Guanyin could do, so he said: “Wukong, when you troubled the Sky Palace, the gods all recognized you. You should go to the palace to tell real and fake.

The two Wukongs agreed together. They left the South Sea and came to the south gate of the Sky Palace. The guards frantically stopped the Wukongs with their weapons and asked: “Saint, where are you going?” When the gods and immortals were all gathered, the two Wukongs told them of their happenings. But the gods and immortals all couldn’t tell who truly the real one was. The two Wukongs then yelled: “If you couldn’t recognize, then move aside and let us go see the Jade Emperor!”

The gods let the Wukongs go. They came to the Heaven Palace, and told everyone of what happened again. The Jade Emperor said to Tower King Li: “Use your Truth of Monsters Mirror to shine them, and see who is real or fake.” The King took out his mirror and invited the Jade Emperor and others to look. But in the mirror, the looks, shadows, clothing, and staffs were the exact same. The emperor and the king all couldn’t tell who was fake.

The two Wukongs went out the Sky Door, and fighting said: “I will go to master with you! Let’s go!”

When Shaseng came back to Tangseng, and told him of the paradox of two Wukongs. Tangseng said: “Then it was only Wukong hitting me with his staff and taking our luggage. But who knows that it was a fake Wukong that was actually a devil!”

As they talked, they suddenly heard very noisy voices in the sky. They looked up and saw the two Wukongs fighting. Bajie couldn’t resist jumping into the air and saying: “Monkey brother, I have come!” The two Wukongs said together: “Brother, come fight this monster! Come kill this demon!” This made Bajie very confused, as he raised his palladium, but didn’t know who to smack.

Shaseng said to Tangseng secretly: “Master, I will go up and with Bajie get the Wukongs down here, where you could secretly recite the Tighten Hoop Incantation. The one who hurts is real, and the other is fake.” Tangseng said: “Okay, good. Quickly go!” Shaseng jumped into the air and shouted: “Both of you, stop! Let’s go to master to tell the imposter!” The two Wukongs stopped at hearing this. Shaseng and Bajie each escorted one to Tangseng. As they lowered their clouds, Tangseng secretly recited the incantation. But both Wukongs yelled: “Stop, it hurts! My head hurts! Don’t do it!” Tangseng stopped, and still couldn’t tell who was real.

One Wukong said: “Brothers, protect master well, and the monster and I will go to Rulai to seek the truth!” The other said the exact same. The two then jumped into the air and started battling each other again. After a while they disappeared.


The two fought all the way to the west. Sitting on a lotus tower, Rulai saw and immediately was informed of the goings of the devil monkey. As he was about to say what he knew, he saw Guanyin come from the south on a rainbow cloud. Rulai asked: “Guanyin, you see those two Wukongs? Do you know which one is fake?”

Guanyin said: “These two once came to the South Sea to have me help them recognize, but I didn’t know who the imposter was. They then went to the Sky Palace, but the heavenly gods couldn’t recognize them too. Now we have come to ask you, so you must tell us the truth.”

Rulai slightly smiled and said: “As I say… the fake Wukong is a six eared monkey. This monkey is good at hearing, so no matter where, even if it is beyond a thousand miles, he knows exactly who said what.”

The fake Wukong jumped up in attempt of escape as Rulai stated his real identity. The other immortals came up and surrounded him. The fake Wukong transformed into a bee and flew up. Rulai lightly picked up his golden bowl and threw it out. The bowl flipped around once in midair and landed top-down on the ground.

The immortals looked at each other, all thinking that the fake Wukong had escaped. Rulai lightly smiled and said: “The monster has not escaped; he is caught in the bowl.” Two immortals went up and flipped around the bowl, and as expected, the devil was in there in his original form, a six eared monkey. Wukong couldn’t resist his anger, and going up raised his staff and killed the devil.

Rulai said: “Wukong, the monster has already been killed by you. Quickly go back to protect Tangseng here.” Wukong said: “Rulai, my master has already rejected me, so how could he accept me again? If I went and he didn’t accept me, wouldn’t it be a trip for nothing? How about you recite the Anti Hoop Incantation so that I can take off this hoop and return it to you? I will go back to Flower-Fruit Mountain to be my king.” Rulai smiled and said: “I will tell Guanyin to escort you there so that Tangseng will accept you. Try your best protecting him, and when he arrives here to accept the scriptures, your work wouldn’t be for nothing.”

Guanyin and Wukong rode to Tangseng on clouds. Tangseng kneeled down in respect at seeing Guanyin. Guanyin said: “Tangseng, it was a fake Wukong that hit you that day. The imposter six eared monkey has already been killed by Wukong. On the road to the west there still are a lot of monsters, and you will have to rely on Wukong’s protection to reach the west. Therefore you must accept Wukong.” Tangseng couldn’t stop kowtowing as he said: “I will do as you say. Disciple will do what you said.”

At this time, Bajie came back on a cloud with their luggage on his back. He saw Guanyin, kneeled down and said: “I went to Flower-Fruit Mountain’s Curtain of Water Cavern and got our luggage back. The fake Tangseng and Bajie were also killed by me.” Shaseng then told them of the happenings and how they recognized the identity of the fake Wukong. Bajie happily said: “Boy, if I were there, I would smack him a few times with my palladium!”

Guanyin said: “Now you disciples and your master must work together to get the true scriptures!” Guanyin went back to the South Sea on a cloud after he finished.

The four thanked Guanyin, prepared their luggage, and leading their horse happily continued on their long route west.

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